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Philadelphia, birthplace of American History

Philadelphia is located in the US state of Pennsylvania and only two hours away from New York. It is also nicknamed Philly. It is the second largest city of the US east coast after New York and the 6th most populated city in the country.

William Penn chose the name of the city, which means “The City of Brotherly Love”. The name is compounded from philos (φίλος) “love”, and adelphos (ἀδελφός) “brother”, as the city was supposed to be a shelter for religious tolerance.

Philadelphia is the birthplace of American History. The nation was founded here after the Declaration of Independence, as evidenced by countless reminiscences of that time scattered throughout the streets and squares of the city.

Founded in 1682, Philadelphia is one of the oldest cities in the country, and as the original capital and largest city in the colonial era, enjoyed a greater political and social importance than Boston or New York. In 1776, the Continental Congress of the 13 colonies assembled in Philadelphia, and on July 4th declared its independence from Great Britain.

Benjamin Franklin, writer, scientist and politician, is one of its most famous citizens.

Don’t miss the Independence National Historic Park which hosts the historic Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence was signed. Have a look at Liberty Bell Center, home of the famous Liberty Bell, one of the main tourist attractions in the city.

Check out the Library Hall where you will find a copy of the Declaration of Independence composed by Thomas Jefferson, and the first edition of Darwin’s masterpiece “On the Origin of Species”.

Walk through the Old City, the oldest part of the city, which is reminiscent of the early days of the original Philadelphia. A stroll around Society Hill is worth a visit, and also discovering Elfreth’s Alley, which is believed to be the oldest street in the United States.

Last, but not least, have a look at important museums such as the Art Museum, the National Portrait Gallery or the National Museum of American Jewish History, which displays the role of the Jewish community in the United States, the Barnes Foundation and the Auguste Rodin Museum, the most important museum about the sculptor outside his native France.